Access to Healthcare in the UK

Within England, free National Health Service (NHS) hospital treatment is provided based on someone being ‘ordinarily resident’. Being ordinarily resident is not dependent upon nationality, payment of UK taxes, National Insurance contributions, being registered with a GP, having an NHS number or owning property in the UK. You cannot be considered ordinarily resident in the UK unless you have indefinite leave to remain or status under the EU Settlement Scheme. 

Those who are not ordinarily resident in the UK, including former UK residents, are overseas visitors and may be charged for NHS services. 

Treatment in A&E departments and at GP surgeries remains free for all. 

Accessing healthcare in ScotlandWales and Northern Ireland is different from England.  

UK nationals who no longer live in the UK

The NHS is a residency-based system, and under NHS rules, UK nationals who move abroad permanently lose their…
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How to access NHS services in England if you are visiting from abroad

This information is for people who are visiting England from abroad. The way the NHS charges overseas visitors for…
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